Lifestyle

Treatment plans, outcomes better for women with ACS and low-risk HEART score

Women with suspected acute coronary syndrome who have low-risk History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk factors, and Troponin (HEART) scores have more appropriate testing and better outcomes than men, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine. Salena M. Preciado, from Kaiser Permanente Southern California in Pasadena, and colleagues analyzed 34,715 […]

Lifestyle

Lipid biomarkers in urine can determine the type of asthma

In a new study, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have used a urine test to identify and verify a patient’s type of asthma. The study, which has been published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, lays the foundation for a more personalized diagnosis and may result in improved treatment of […]

Lifestyle

Aggressive video games: Effects on mental health and behaviors in young people

Aggressive video games are not a risk factor for mental health problems, according to a new study of more than 3,000 youth. This study is part of a special issue on the effects of violent video games published in the peer-reviewed journal Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. Christopher Ferguson, Ph.D., Stetson University, and C.K. John […]

Lifestyle

Approximately half of AD dementia cases are mild, one-fifth are severe

What percent of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) currently have severe dementia? Do more people have mild disease? Or are the majority suffering with moderate dementia? A new study using data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) sheds light on these trends. Boston University School of Medicine researchers have found that slightly more than half […]

Lifestyle

Raman spectroscopy shows promise for diagnosing oral cancer

In a new study, researchers show that a light-based analytical technique known as Raman spectroscopy could aid in early detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). OSCC is the most prevalent type of oral cancer and ranks among the most common cancers diagnosed worldwide. Although effective treatments are available, the cancer is often not detected […]

Lifestyle

Scientists reveal mechanism that causes irritable bowel syndrome

KU Leuven researchers have identified the biological mechanism that explains why some people experience abdominal pain when they eat certain foods. The finding paves the way for more efficient treatment of irritable bowel syndrome and other food intolerances. The study, carried out in mice and humans, was published in Nature. Up to 20% of the […]

Lifestyle

Scoring system to redefine how U.S. patients prioritized for liver transplant

Liver transplant priority in the U.S. goes to the sickest patients, which fails to consider other important factors, including how long patients are likely to survive post-transplant. Researchers with Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine are collaborating with faculty at the University of Pennsylvania to develop a risk […]